Guavas are tropical fruits known for their sweet and aromatic flavor.
While they are typically associated with warmer climates, it is possible to grow guava plants
successfully in the UK with some care and attention.
One cost-effective and rewarding way to start your guava garden is by growing guava plants from
In this guide, we will take you through the steps to cultivate healthy guava plants right in your
Guava plants, originating from tropical regions, are renowned for their sweet and aromatic fruits.
While traditionally associated with warmer climates, cultivating guava plants in the UK is an
attainable and rewarding venture for gardening enthusiasts.
This guide provides a step-by-step outline for successfully growing guava plants from seeds in the
the comfort of your home garden.
It is possible to grow guava in the UK but certain guava cultivars in the UK under specific
Contrary to the belief that guava plants require strictly tropical conditions, certain varieties, such
as ‘Strawberry’ or ‘Hardy’ guavas, thrive in the more temperate climate of the UK.
By selecting suitable varieties and following proper cultivation techniques, home gardeners can
enjoy the unique experience of nurturing guava plants and harvesting their delicious fruits in
Homegrown guavas not only offer the satisfaction of cultivating a tropical fruit in a non-native
environment but also provide a sustainable source of fresh and flavorful produce.
Additionally, growing guava plants from seeds allows for a deeper understanding of the plant’s
life cycle, fostering a connection between the gardener and the natural world.
In this introduction, we set the stage for a comprehensive guide that empowers readers to embark
on their guava-growing journey in the UK.
Selecting the Right Guava Variety
Overview of guava varieties suitable for the UK climate
To embark on a successful guava cultivation journey in the UK, the first crucial step is selecting
the right guava variety.
While traditional tropical varieties may struggle in the temperate climate, ‘Strawberry’ and ‘Hardy
guavas are excellent choices known for their ability to thrive in cooler conditions.
These varieties boast a robustness that makes them well-suited for cultivation in the UK.
Characteristics of cold-hardy varieties such as ‘Strawberry’ or ‘Hardy’
Understanding the specific characteristics of cold-hardy guava varieties is key to ensuring
‘Strawberry’ guavas, for example, are prized for their compact size, making them suitable for
smaller gardens or container cultivation.
‘Hardy’ guavas, as the name suggests, exhibit resilience to colder temperatures, providing an
the optimal choice for the UK’s climate.
Where to source guava seeds
Once the preferred guava variety is chosen, obtaining high-quality seeds is the next crucial step.
Guava seeds can be sourced from fresh fruits, ensuring they are clean and free from any signs of
damage or disease.
Acquiring seeds from reputable nurseries or specialized suppliers increases the likelihood of
successful germination and healthy plant development. In this section, we lay the foundation for
the reader’s guava-growing journey by guiding them in the selection of the most suitable guava
variety for the UK climate.
Seed Selection and Preparation
Choosing fresh and healthy guava seeds
Successful guava cultivation begins with the selection of fresh and healthy seeds.
Opt for seeds from ripe guavas, as they are more likely to germinate successfully.
Avoid seeds from overripe or diseased fruits, as they may compromise the overall health of the
plants. Careful selection at this stage ensures a strong start to the guava-growing process.
Importance of seed scarification for improved germination
Guava seeds have a hard outer coating that can hinder germination.
To enhance germination rates, it is essential to scarify the seeds.
This process involves gently scratching or nicking the seed coat with sandpaper or a file.
Scarification allows water to penetrate the seed more easily, kickstarting the germination process
and promoting healthier seedlings.
Soaking seeds in warm water to enhance germination rates
After scarification, soak the guava seeds in warm water for approximately 24 hours.
This step further aids in softening the seed coat and encourages the initiation of germination.
Be mindful not to oversoak, as this could lead to fungal issues.
The combination of scarification and soaking sets the foundation for robust germination and
healthy seedling development.
This section guides readers through the critical process of selecting and preparing guava seeds for
Potting Mix Preparation
Creating a well-draining potting mix
The success of guava plants depends significantly on the quality of the potting mix.
Begin by crafting a well-draining mix to prevent waterlogging, a condition guavas are sensitive to.
Combine equal parts of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite to ensure a balanced and aerated
medium for the seeds to germinate and the seedlings to thrive.
Recommended components: peat, perlite, vermiculite
Peat moss provides moisture retention, perlite enhances drainage, and vermiculite contributes to
This combination creates an environment that strikes the right balance between water retention
and drainage, offering an ideal substrate for guava seeds to establish roots and grow into healthy
Adjusting pH for slightly acidic to neutral soil
Guava plants prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil conditions.
Before planting, test the pH of the potting mix and make adjustments as necessary.
Adding lime can raise the pH if it’s too acidic while incorporating sulfur can lower it if it’s too
Maintaining the correct pH range ensures that the guava plants can access essential nutrients for
This section guides readers in preparing a suitable potting mix, laying the groundwork for a healthy
guava plants in their home garden.
Depth and spacing guidelines for planting guava seeds
When planting guava seeds, follow guidelines for proper depth and spacing.
Plant the scarified seeds approximately half an inch deep in small pots filled with the prepared
Adequate spacing ensures that each seed has enough room to germinate and develop its root
system without competing with neighboring seeds.
Watering seeds thoroughly after planting
After planting, water the seeds thoroughly to settle the potting mix and initiate the germination
process. Ensure that the soil is evenly moist but not waterlogged.
Consistent moisture is crucial during the early stages of germination to support the emergence
of healthy seedlings.
Creating a humid environment for germination using plastic wrap or a
To enhance germination rates, create a humid microenvironment around the planted seeds.
Cover the pots with plastic wrap or place them under a clear plastic dome.
This helps retain moisture and creates favorable conditions for the seeds to sprout.
Keep the covering in place until the seedlings have developed a couple of sets of true leaves.
This section guides readers through the critical steps of planting guava seeds, emphasizing proper
depth, spacing, and the creation of a conducive environment for successful germination.
Germination and Seedlings
Expected germination time frame (2-8 weeks)
Patience is key during the germination phase, as guava seeds typically take between 2 to
8 weeks to sprout.
Monitor the pots regularly for any signs of emerging seedlings.
Factors such as temperature and humidity can influence the germination time, so maintain a
consistent and favorable environment to support healthy seedling development.
Transplanting seedlings into larger pots with the same potting mix
Once the guava seedlings have developed two sets of true leaves, it’s time to transplant them into
Use the same well-draining potting mix to provide a nutrient-rich environment for continued
Be gentle during the transplanting process to minimize stress on the young plants and their
developing root systems.
Providing adequate sunlight and supplemental grow lights if necessary
Guava plants thrive in sunlight, requiring at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day.
If cultivating indoors or in areas with limited sunlight, supplement natural light with artificial
This ensures that the seedlings receive the energy they need for robust growth and prepares them
for eventual transplantation into the garden.
This section focuses on the critical stages of germination and seedling development, guiding
readers through the expected time frame for germination, the transplanting process, and the
importance of providing adequate light for healthy seedling growth.
What is the morphological character of guava?
Morphology: Guava is a fast-growing evergreen shrub or small tree that can grow to
a height of 3-10 m.
It has a shallow root system. Guava produces low-drooping branches from the base
and suckers from the roots.
Temperature and Light Requirements
Ideal temperature range for guava plants (65°F to 80°F)
Guava plants thrive in warm temperatures, and maintaining the right climate is crucial for their
Aim to keep the temperature in the range of 65°F to 80°F (18°C to 27°C) for optimal growth.
Ensure that the growing environment remains consistently within this temperature range to
support the development of healthy guava plants.
Ensuring sufficient sunlight exposure (6-8 hours a day)
Guava plants are sun-loving, requiring ample sunlight for optimal growth and fruit development.
Ideally, expose the plants to direct sunlight for 6 to 8 hours each day.
Place them in a location with good sun exposure, preferably facing south.
Adequate sunlight is essential for the guava plants to photosynthesize and produce the energy
needed for vigorous growth.
Using grow lights for indoor cultivation
In regions with limited sunlight or during seasons with reduced daylight hours, supplement
natural light with artificial grow lights.
Choose full-spectrum grow lights that mimic the spectrum of sunlight.
Position the lights above the guava plants at the recommended distance to ensure they receive
the necessary light intensity for healthy development.
This section emphasizes the importance of maintaining the right temperature range and providing
sufficient sunlight or artificial light for guava plants.
Creating the ideal conditions for growth sets the stage for robust and productive guava cultivation.
Watering and Fertilizing
Maintaining consistent soil moisture without waterlogging
Guava plants prefer consistently moist but well-draining soil.
Water the plants when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch.
Avoid overwatering, as guavas are sensitive to waterlogged conditions.
Proper drainage is crucial to prevent root rot. Adjust the watering frequency based on the specific
needs of the guava plants, considering factors such as temperature and humidity.
Frequency and dosage of balanced liquid fertilizer during the growing
During the growing season, guava plants benefit from regular fertilization.
Use a balanced liquid fertilizer to provide essential nutrients.
Apply the fertilizer every 2 to 4 weeks, following the recommended dosage on the product
Adjust the frequency based on the growth rate and health of the plants.
Fertilizing supports vigorous growth and enhances the plant’s ability to produce flowers and fruit.
Adjusting watering and fertilizing based on plant growth and health
Monitor the guava plants closely for signs of stress or nutrient deficiencies.
Adjust the watering and fertilizing regimen based on the specific needs of the plants.
If the leaves show discoloration or stunted growth, consider adjusting the fertilizer type or
Regularly inspect the soil moisture and nutrient levels to ensure the guava plants receive the
appropriate care for optimal health and productivity.
This section guides readers through the crucial aspects of watering and fertilizing guava plants.
Maintaining a careful balance in soil moisture and nutrient levels is essential for healthy growth
and the eventual production of flavorful guava fruits.
Transplanting to the Garden
Timing considerations for transplanting seedlings into the garden
Before transplanting guava seedlings into the garden, consider the timing carefully.
Wait until the risk of frost has passed, typically in late spring or early summer, to ensure that the
young plants won’t be subjected to cold temperatures that could hinder their growth.
Transplanting during a period of mild weather provides the best conditions for successful
establishment in the garden.
Choosing a suitable outdoor location with sunlight and well-draining soil
Select a suitable outdoor location for transplanting guava seedlings.
Choose an area that receives full sunlight, ideally facing south to maximize exposure.
Ensure the soil is well-draining to prevent waterlogging and amend the soil with organic matter
Proper site selection contributes to the long-term health and productivity of guava plants in the
Proper techniques for transplanting without damaging the young plants
When transplanting guava seedlings, handle them with care to minimize stress and prevent
damage to the roots and stems.
Dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball of the seedling and gently place it into the soil.
Backfill the hole, tamp the soil down to remove air pockets, and water thoroughly.
Mulch around the base of the plant to retain moisture and suppress weeds.
Provide temporary shade for a few days to help the plants acclimate to their new environment.
This section outlines the important considerations and techniques for successfully transplanting
guava seedlings into the garden.
Careful planning and execution during this stage contribute to the establishment of healthy and
productive guava plants in the outdoor environment.
Pruning and Maintenance
Benefits of regular pruning for shape and air circulation
Pruning plays a vital role in shaping guava plants and promoting air circulation.
Regularly trim the branches to maintain a desirable shape, encourage lateral growth, and prevent
the plant from becoming too dense.
Adequate spacing between branches enhances sunlight penetration and air circulation, reducing
the risk of fungal diseases and improving overall plant health.
Removing dead or diseased branches
Inspect guava plants regularly for dead or diseased branches and promptly remove them.
Deadwood can attract pests and may hinder the healthy growth of the plant.
Removing diseased branches helps prevent the spread of infections, ensuring that the guava plant
remains vigorous and productive.
Mulching around the base of the plant for moisture retention and weed
Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of guava plants to conserve moisture, suppress
weeds, and regulate soil temperature.
Mulching also contributes to the enrichment of the soil as it decomposes.
Maintain a consistent layer of mulch, keeping it a few inches away from the plant’s trunk to
prevent moisture-related issues.
This section emphasizes the importance of regular pruning and maintenance practices to shape
guava plants, improve air circulation and ensure overall plant health.
Implementing these techniques contributes to the longevity and productivity of the guava garden
in the UK.
Pest and Disease Control
Monitoring for common pests like aphids and scale insects
Regular monitoring of common pests is essential to prevent and control infestations.
Keep a vigilant eye on guava plants for signs of aphids, scale insects, or other common pests.
Early detection allows for prompt intervention, reducing the risk of significant damage to the
Prompt treatment with insecticidal soap or neem oil
If pests are identified, treat the guava plants promptly with effective and safe solutions.
Insecticidal soap or neem oil are environmentally friendly options that can help control pests
without harming beneficial insects.
Follow the product instructions carefully and apply treatments during periods when pollinators
are less active to minimize unintended impact.
Preventing fungal diseases through good air circulation
Guava plants are susceptible to fungal diseases, especially in conditions of poor air circulation and
Preventive measures, such as proper pruning to enhance air circulation, can significantly reduce
the risk of fungal infections.
Additionally, avoid overwatering and ensure proper drainage to create an environment less
conducive to fungal growth.
This section guides readers through the proactive steps of pest and disease control.
Monitoring, prompt treatment, and preventive measures are crucial for maintaining the health
and productivity of guava plants in the UK garden.
Patience and Enjoyment
Emphasizing the time it takes for guava plants to bear fruit
Growing guava plants from seeds in a home garden is a journey that requires patience.
Guava plants typically take a few years to mature and start producing fruit.
It’s important for gardeners to understand and embrace the gradual process, appreciating each
stage of growth as the plants develop into productive fruit-bearing specimens.
Encouraging patience and perseverance in the cultivation process
Patience is a virtue when it comes to gardening. Encourage fellow gardeners to remain patient and
committed to the care of their guava plants.
It’s normal for challenges to arise, but with diligence and perseverance, gardeners can overcome
obstacles and enjoy the eventual rewards of homegrown guavas.
Anticipating the satisfaction of enjoying homegrown guavas in the UK
The ultimate reward for the time and effort invested in growing guava plants is the satisfaction
of harvesting and enjoying homegrown guavas.
Encourage gardeners to anticipate this moment with excitement and a sense of accomplishment.
The unique tropical flavor of freshly picked guavas will undoubtedly be a delightful addition to the
UK garden, making the journey well worth the wait.
In this concluding section, highlight the importance of patience and perseverance in the guava-
Encourage gardeners to savor the journey and look forward to the gratifying experience of enjoying
their own homegrown guavas in the UK garden.
Frequently Asked Questions:
What is the recommended guava variety for planting?
Some popular varieties to consider include:
Pineapple Guava (Feijoa sellowiana): Cold-hardy and suitable for temperate to subtropical
Red Apple Guava (Psidium guajava): Thrives in tropical to subtropical regions, producing sweet
and fragrant fruit.
What is the common name of the guava tree?
The common guava, scientifically known as Psidium guajava, is also referred to as
lemon guava or apple guava.
It belongs to the myrtle family (Myrtaceae) and is native to Mexico, Central America,
the Caribbean, and northern South America.
Which vitamins are found in guava?
Guava is a rich source of vitamins, including:
Guava is often considered a superfruit, containing four times more vitamin C than
oranges, three times more proteins, four times more fiber than pineapple, and
more potassium than a banana.
What is the economic importance of guava?
The economic importance of guava lies in its various uses:
Wood: Resistant to insect and fungal attacks.
Fruit Production: Grown in orchards for harvesting.
Leaves: Used as fodder for livestock.
What is the origin of guava?
Guava is native to tropical America, ranging from Mexico to Peru.
It was introduced to India during the early 17th century.
In Andhra Pradesh, it is commercially grown in Telangana, North coastal districts,
and Ananthapur in Rayalaseema.
Is guava a monocot or dicot?
Guava is a dicotyledonous plant, categorized as a dicot. Dicotyledonous plants have leaves with
a branching pattern of veins.
Is guava hot or cold in nature?
Contrary to the myth, guava is not considered a “cold” food. It is high in Vitamin C, which
boosts the immune system and aids in treating coughs and colds.
Guavas, along with citrus fruits, are beneficial during winter.
Is guava acidic?
Yes, guavas are acidic due to the presence of citric and malic acids.
They typically have a pH level ranging from 3 to 4.